# Fermat's Little Theorem is highly useful in number theory for simplifying the computation of exponents in modular arithmetic (which students should study more at the introductory level if they have a hard time following the rest of this article). This theorem is credited to Pierre de Fermat.

Det matematiska teorem som alltsedan senare hälften av 1600-talet kallas Fermats stora sats (alternativt Fermats sista sats) har en viktig biroll i

It is sometimes called Fermat's primality test and is a necessary but not sufficient test for primality. Although it was presumably proved (but suppressed) by Fermat, the first proof was published by Euler in 1749. Fermat's principle, also known as the principle of least time, is the link between ray optics and wave optics. In its original "strong" form, Fermat's principle states that the path taken by a ray between two given points is the path that can be traversed in the least For 350 years, Fermat's statement was known in mathematical circles as Fermat's Last Theorem, despite remaining stubbornly unproved. Over the years, mathematicians did prove that there were no positive integer solutions for x 3 + y 3 = z 3 , x 4 + y 4 = z 4 and other special cases.

This is a generalization of the Chinese hypothesis and a special case of Euler's totient theorem. It is sometimes called Fermat's primality test and is a necessary but not sufficient test for primality. Although it was presumably proved (but suppressed) by Fermat, the first proof was published by Euler in 1749. Fermat's principle, also known as the principle of least time, is the link between ray optics and wave optics.

## For 350 years, Fermat's statement was known in mathematical circles as Fermat's Last Theorem, despite remaining stubbornly unproved. Over the years, mathematicians did prove that there were no positive integer solutions for x 3 + y 3 = z 3 , x 4 + y 4 = z 4 and other special cases.

Startsida 45 Dietproblemet 180; 46 Handelsresanden 184; 47 Spelteori 188; 48 Relativitet 192; 49 Fermats sista teorem 196; 50 Riemannhypotesen 200; Ordlista 204  Burnsides lemma, Fermats lilla sats, Analysens fundamentalsats, Fermats stora sats, Bolzano-Weierstrass sats, Triangelolikheten, Algebrans fundamentalsats,  Det är därför matematikern Andrew Wiles, känd som den som löste det hundra år gamla matteproblemet Fermats teorem, sa: ”Det är dåligt att ha för bra minne  Enligt Fermats teorem om stationära punkter7, även kallad optimeringsteorin,. 7 Teorin är uppkallad efter den franska matematikern Pierre de Fermat. Fermats sats, även känd som Fermats stora sats, Fermats sista sats Fermats teorem och nu även Wiles sats, formulerades av Pierre de Fermat år1637. Satsen  Fermats teorem, dess mysterium och oändliga lösningar efter lösningar upptar en unik position inom matematiken i många avseenden. ### Fermats Teorem. Norske Mat. Tidtskrift 7, 1925, 1-10. 1927 Khinchine, A. I.. Velikai Teorema Ferma (The Great Theorem of Fermat). State Editor, Moskow-.

Men hon  Multiplikativ ordning, Cykliska Gruper, Fermats och Eulers satser grupper. Fermat,Euler. Kommutativa ringar. Teorem. Here p is a prime number ap ≡ a (mod p). Special Case: If a is not divisible by p, Fermat’s little theorem is equivalent to the statement that a p-1 -1 is an integer multiple of p.
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3. 2 Fermatovi brojevi. 6. 3 Fermatova metoda faktorizacije.

1700-talets matematiker Pierre de Fermats verk skapade många satser. 1995-1996: Fermat's Last Theorem The story of the British mathematician Andrew Wiles and his bid to find proof for Fermat's last theorem, which has taxed mathematicians since the 17th century.
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